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lumbago (low back pain): a complete guide

As we spend more time sitting in a poor posture, eventually it will lead us to lumbago or low back pain. Lumbago is also known as low back pain, mechanical low back pain, nonspecific low back pain, or lumbar sprain.

Lumbago or low back pain is one of the common problems circulating in our society.

What is lumbago?

lumbago definition:- Lumbago is a term used to describe pain in the lower back that ranges from minor to severe. The discomfort is usually felt closest to the spine, but it can also spread outward and feel like cramps in the buttocks, groin, and thighs.

It occurs in up to 80% of the population.

In this case, the patient can feel pain in the lumbar or sacral area that can be mechanically reproduced.

lumbago icd 10

  • M54.5 Low back pain
  • S33.5 Sprain of ligaments of the lumbar spine

Sign and symptoms

  • There can be unilateral or bilateral referred or radiating pain in the lower extremities.
  • When you do repeating movements, You may feel peripheralization or centralization of the pain.
  • Lumbar hypomobility may be present and indicates instability.
  • In this case, there may be a postural deviation.
  • There may be poor core-muscle strength.
  • In this case, there is Nerve root compression.

Functional implication

  • When you do your occupational activities, you may find them very difficult to do.
  • You will find difficulty in doing your day-to-day activities.
  • It may impede your participation in sports and other social activities.

Possible contributing causes

  • One of the major causes is your occupation.
  • It may be congenital anomalies
  • Physical condition
  • It may be your smoking habit.
  • In this case, it may be Obesity.
  • It may be the deviation in your posture
  • You may have weak core muscles.
  • There can be herniation of the disc.
  • Tightness of hip flexors, external rotators, and hamstrings.

A common description of your pain and its origin

Deep ache and boringBony tissues
Dull, achy, sore, burning, and crampingMuscle/fascia
Sharp, lifelike, shooting, lancinating, tingling, burning, numbness, and weaknessnerve
Burning, stabbing, throbbing, tingling, and coldVascular
Deep pain, cramping, and stabbingvisceral


  • In this case, there may be Postural changes
  • Inability to walk, stand, or sit for a prolonged time
  • Shortened hamstrings and hip flexors
  • Hypomobile lumbar spine
  • Decreased lumbar stability
  • In this case, you may find Weakness of the abdominals

Test for assessment of lumbago

Physiotherapy intervention for lumbago

Joint manipulation indicated when

  • Duration of the current episode of low back pain < 16 days.
  • when you manipulate the joint, No radicular symptoms
  • FABQ scores less than 19
  • Hip internal rotation of greater than 35 degrees for at least one hip.

Lumbar stabilization exercises

Traction when

  • Radiculopathy finding present
  • Positive crossed SLR
  • The pain becomes peripheralized with repeated extension

Stretching exercises, myofascial mobilization for shortened musculature

You need to walk on a treadmill without weights

Aquatic exercises

Modalities for short term pain relief

Cognitive-behavioral therapy

Physical therapy for lower back pain exercises

‘splinting’ THE LUMBAR SPINE

Exercise 1 – the pelvic tilt

  • In this case, Lie with your feet flat on the floor, knees bent and arms at your sides.
  • Firstly draw in your stomach (abdomen) firmly, and press your lumbar region against the floor by tightening and slightly raising your buttocks.
  • This will tilt the pelvic upward.
  • Hold count to seven – relax
  • Repeat 5 – 10 times

Exercise 2 – body flattener

  • Adopt the same starting position as in exercise 1.
  • Then stretch (extend) your legs by extending your heels forwards while keeping your lumbar spine flat on the floor.
  • Your abdominal and back muscles should be tightened.
  • Hold – count to seven – relax
  • Repeat 5 – 10 times

Go to this link for a complete guide on physical therapy for lower back pain exercises


In conclusion, lumbago is an old term used for low back pain and doctors use more specific terms for low back pain nowadays.

In the above content, I try to explain to you everything from the lumbago definition to its treatment.

When you experience any kind of low back pain then you can consult this blog post.

But keep one thing in your mind a proper consultation with a doctor is a must.

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